Water Droplets

Essential for life on Earth

Apache Indians and many other indigenous cultures around the world regarded water as the Earth Mother’s blood. They afforded it great respect and prevented polluting the lakes and rivers. During modern times this respect has all but disappeared.

Many of our rivers and lakes are polluted through the works of industry, agriculture and many other “benefits” of modern living.

Water is essential for life. Our bodies are around 75% water and we are permanently losing water – around 2-3 litres per day – through perspiration, excretion and body use. Our bodies need water to digest food. In a survival situation sometimes food can be a hindrance rather than a help.

Some of the water intake is from food but the relative water merits of each food source need to be taken into consideration if ever faced with this type of situation. eg. cucumbers are around 90% water. The water content in meat is much lower, especially if cooked.

We can only survive without water for three days (remember the Rule of Three?) and other factors must also be taken into consideration: heat or cold exposure, activity levels, altitude, injury or illness can cause your body to lose more water and lead to dehydration. Losing more than 15% of body fluids without replacing that loss can result in death by dehydration.


Things to watch out for include:

  • thirst
  • headache
  • blurred vision
  • dark urine or lack of urine production
  • fatigue
  • aggression
  • disorientation
  • deliriousness
  • hardened tongue or trench-line down centre
  • coma

In a survival or wilderness situation, conservation of water can reduce the likelihood of dehydration. On the Natural Pathways Discovery Basic Survival and Wilderness Family Camp we show you simple ways to reduce water loss, where to find water and how to purify it for consumption. This knowledge is vital for wilderness survival.

Most of the water courses on our planet are contaminated with a wide variety of pollutants. We recommend water sourcing and treatment be carried out under the supervision of trained practitioners.