Log FireOut in the wilderness it may seem that a map and compass are essential items to get back to the comfort of civilisation. And they probably are if you don’t have the bushcraft knowledge to read the landscape around you. But if it was going to take you some time to get to a populated area, what will keep you alive in the meantime?

In a wilderness survival situation it is critical to think clearly. Remembering the survival essentials could mean the difference between life and death. Thankfully, it’s not too hard to forget – just remember 3.

THE RULE OF THREE

Humans cannot survive more than:

  • 3 hours exposed to low temperature
  • 3 days without water
  • 3 weeks without food

The likelihood of survival increases significantly if you have shelter, fire, water and food.

SHELTER

A shelter is anything thay protects you from the environment. This could be an over-hanging bough, a shallow cave, a tent, a tarp or any other form of covering that keeps the rain out and the heat in. Warm comfortable shelters can be constructed from a variety of materials.

Bushcraft is knowing which materials can be used and how to efficiently construct a suitable shelter.

FIRE

Even today in our centrally heated world log fires still hold a certain fascination. We connect to a more primative part of ourselves as we watch flames dancebefore us. Fire is an essential tool to generate heat, increase motivation and deter wild animals.

Bushcraft is knowing how to construct and light controlled fires for a variety of purposes.

WATER

Dehydration can lead to headaches, lethargy, dizziness and confustion. Even mild dehydration can impair our thought process leaving us unable to think clearly. But how much of the water in the wilderness is safe to drink?

Bushcraft is knowing where and how to collect water and what to do to ensure it is safe to drink.

FOOD

We know how a grumbly belly can lead to a lack of concentration. But over time, and in extreme cold, lack of food can lead to low morale, poor judgement, disorientation, weakened immune system and an inability to control internal body temperature.

Bushcraft is knowing where and how to catch, gather and cook nutritious foods essential to continued survival.

Remembering the Rule of Three could be the difference between life and death. Remembering what to do is one thing, knowing how to put it into practice – well, that’s Bushcraft.

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